Justices of Peace (Application)

Justices of the Peace

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Click above for an Application to be appointed an “Unaffiliated” Justice of the Peace


Justices of the Peace for the Town of Essex are nominated by each of the major parties - 73 Republican and 73 Democrat and up to an additional 73 Justices are chosen per state statute from among the “unaffiliated” and minor party members and are nominated by the Essex Town Clerk.

Justices of the Peace:

  1. Have general oath giving powers (CGS  1-24)
  2. May take acknowledgements (CGS  1-29)
  3. May join persons in marriage (CGS  46b-22)
  4. May take depositions (CGS  52-148c)


The office of Justice of the Peace originated in England and was brought to this country by the early colonists.  The office existed in Connecticut in some form from the beginning of the colony.

At one time when this State had a multi-tiered Court system with substantial judicial business being conducted by municipal and city Court judges, the elected Justice of the Peace had substantial authority with respect to the administration of minor Courts in this State.  Over the years, the scope of authority of this official has been narrowed so that in 1988 the role of the Justice of the Peace is limited to certain grants of authority enumerated by statute.